Basic Supplies For Watercolor Painting

 

Watercolor, also called aquarelle, is a painting technique wherein the pigments are suspended in a water-based solution. As with oil paints, watercolor refers to both the medium used and the finished work of art. This article discusses the basic supplies for watercolor painting, including brushes, binder, and paper. Read on to learn how to get started and use watercolor paint to create beautiful artwork. After all, it’s the color of water that really makes the difference!

Wet-on-Wet painting

Watercolorist tools view

Wet-on-Wet watercolor painting is an ancient style of water-based painting. This method allows the paint to blend seamlessly and flows into corners. Using this technique, you can create a variety of subjects and designs. The technique is most popular for backgrounds, where the paint is applied over wet paper. Clouds are an especially fun subject to paint with this method. But, as you progress with your painting skills, you’ll find more uses for this traditional style of watercolor painting.

In a wet-on-wet painting, the artist applies wet paint onto freshly-wet paper. This creates an unpredictable effect and requires less control. To get the most out of this technique, make sure that you have clean water on the paper and watercolor paints. Then, allow the paint to flow to the wet areas. You should be careful not to overdo it, because this technique can get messy and result in a muddy painting.

Wet-on-wet methods are often used by professional landscape painters to create textured landscapes. While they may seem more difficult, this method of painting requires you to master certain fundamentals. For example, you must be able to control the moisture level of the paper and the amount of water that gets on the paper. This technique is not for beginners, so practice makes perfect. But once you learn the fundamentals, you’ll be able to expand your horizon and achieve complex effects with this style of painting.

To use this technique properly, you must start with light colors. If you start with dark colors, you won’t be able to reverse it. Once the dark colors cover the light colors, they won’t show up. You must remember that the white areas of a watercolor painting are actually coming from the paper. Masking fluid can be used to reserve the white areas. Depending on the effect that you’re trying to achieve, you can change the water-to-paint ratio.
Binder

The binder for watercolor can make or break your watercolor painting process. While watercolor is water-soluble, it needs a binder to stay where you apply it. Otherwise, it will crawl, smear, and flake off. Especially if you’re using a very diluted form, it can even dust off, just like a pastel drawing. If you want to use a more opaque paint, you’ll need a binder with a stronger viscosity than water.

A binder is the substance that holds pigment particles in suspension, allowing them to adhere to a support. Binders can be natural or synthetic, with gum arabic and linseed oil being common choices. Acrylic paints contain acrylic polymer emulsion, a synthetic binder. Once the paint is mixed, the pigments and binder are combined to create a workable substance. The binder then absorbs moisture from the pigments, allowing them to adhere to the support.

Another option for a binder is gum arabic, a water-soluble resin from a gum tree. It is available in a crystalline form or as a liquid. It binds watercolor pigments while improving transparency and allowing the paint to dry more slowly. It is also more absorbent, making it easier to apply more paint in a single wash. It is often combined with glycerine to make a harder pastel than gum tragacanth.

Watercolor paints can be made from gum arabic, which enhances the flow and shine of the paint. They are used in many different kinds of painting, from portraits to landscapes. The binder for watercolor can be purchased separately and can help simplify the painting process. You can also get them in tubes or jars for easier storage and access. In addition to water, you will also need brushes and watercolor paper. You can buy them in a variety of colors, which makes it easier to mix your own watercolor colors.
Paper

Watercolor paper is a substrate that can be used to create works of art. Wood pulp is one type of watercolor paper. Wood pulp mixed with cotton fibers is another. Regardless of the type, these papers all offer excellent properties for watercolor painting. These properties make the finished piece stand out among other works of art. To learn more, read on. (Or, you can read about them here!). If you’re just beginning to explore watercolor painting, try one of these tips.

Using mouldmade paper is not as durable as handmade paper. This paper is pressed between cylinders and doesn’t interlock its fibers the way that handmade paper does. While many companies claim to have handmade paper, it can never compare to the quality of handcrafted watercolor paper. The texture of hand-inspected mouldmade paper is impossible to duplicate. Using this method, you’ll have a more consistent and even surface that’s better suited for watercolor.

When shopping for watercolour paper, it’s important to find one that has the right surface texture. It should be durable enough to withstand watercoloring, but still be pliable enough to absorb the pigments. It’s also important to note that the weight of watercolor paper is not necessarily an indication of its quality. While the heavier types of watercolor paper can be used for painting, they’re often less permanent and require stretching before you can use them.

When buying watercolour paper, make sure to choose a quality one with high quality sizing. Softer paper will absorb the paint more readily and have a more delicate surface texture. Watercolour paper that is too soft may result in the paint sinking into the paper like a blotter! Generally, there are two main types of sizing: external and internal. Sizing affects the weight of watercolour paper and the surface finish. You should consider the desired properties of wet media sheets, especially when buying handcrafted papers.

Brushes

Paint brushes and watercolor paints on the table in a workshop, selective focus, close up.

Choosing the best brushes for watercolor painting is critical. There are many styles and types of brushes available, but the most versatile are round brushes. These are the perfect choice for small details, delicate lines, and broader strokes. A high-quality round brush should have natural bristles, but you can get a cheap alternative to Kolinsky sable. Here’s a guide to buying the right watercolor brush for your painting style.

First of all, consider the type of paint you’ll be using. While some types of paints are more water-based than others, they all need some water to mix well. A watercolor brush should have adequate spring to prevent blotches and keep the paint from overflowing. The snap of a brush’s fibers should also be excellent to prevent deformation. A good quality brush will also have natural kolinsky sable bristles that won’t fray.

Flat watercolour brushes are ideal for producing smooth edges and lines. They can vary in shape from angular to flat and are ideal for small details. A large flat brush is useful for quickly covering a large area, especially if the water is already saturated. A small flat brush is good for washes. A rounded flat brush is a good choice for covering large areas quickly. A filbert brush is oval-shaped and has long hairs.

Watercolor brushes are just as important as paints and paper. Investing in high-quality watercolor brushes will improve the performance of your work and last longer. Before you purchase your watercolor brushes, familiarize yourself with the sizes and types. This way, you won’t be wasting time and money on brushes that won’t suit your needs. And the longer the brushes stay in your collection, the less money you’ll spend on new ones.
Techniques

There are several techniques for watercolor paintings. One of the most important is blending. Watercolors are a less forgiving medium than oils and acrylics. Because the pigments spread depending on how wet the paper is, a very wet paper will spread a large amount of paint, while a slightly damp piece will spread a smaller amount of paint. However, watercolor paper can buckle if too much water is applied, so stretching the paper is important to avoid buckling.

Washing with watercolor paint is one of the most popular methods. The wash technique creates large areas of color that can be manipulated to produce gradients. The color layer can be slopped across the paper to create a gradient. Water should be poured on the paper very slowly and evenly to create a good wash. Make sure not to use too much water, as this will interfere with the drying process. Wet on wet painting is often the most popular technique for painting flowers.

Using a flat brush is another method for painting with watercolor. Try using a round brush with a flat head, but remember to test it first. A flat brush with a round tip works best for this technique. It will give your painting texture and imply movement. Watercolor is a transparent medium, so make sure your brush is moist before you begin. When using a flat brush to paint with watercolor, it is important to make sure that you do not let any white remain in the painting.

Another technique is dry brushing. Dry brushing produces clean, crisp edges. This technique is best for creating a more impressionistic image. Artists who love precision prefer this technique over other methods. As watercolor paint is transparent, the brush strokes are visible under the subsequent layers of paint. You can also try blending different colors together with a dry brush. The possibilities are endless. It just depends on your personal style. There are many other techniques to try when painting with watercolors.