The history of the Fine Arts is as varied as its practitioners. From the ancient Yoruba to the Renaissance, and even modern art, the field of art has a long history. In fact, some branches of art are considered fine art while others are considered applied art or decorative arts. The purpose of each of these branches differs from one another. As you will read further, here are some of the most important aspects of fine art. Regardless of your interests, this discipline will certainly inspire you to discover more about the world around us.
Art of the Yoruba
Yoruba artists employ artistic strategies to communicate meaning. This bracelet, for example, depicts a titled male elder with bulging eyes and a forehead. A Yoruba artist may have created this piece for a local king, but it suggests his extraordinary power. A carved wooden spoon inscribed with the name of the king also reveals the Yoruba artist’s technical brilliance. The Oyo king himself wore the bracelet, a symbol of his high position in the society.
The carved sculptures of the Yoruba feature an ancestor or a deity. The figures are often twins, attesting to the special place that twins occupy in Yoruba culture. Metal staffs, beaded sheaths, and royal beaded crowns were often used in ceremonies. The Yoruba are a tribe that occupies central Benin and southwestern Nigeria. They are patrilineal and practice circumcision.
The Yoruba people pay homage to deities in designated shrines. According to the Yoruba mythology, when people die, their souls enter the realm of their ancestors. The Yoruba’s most revered deity is Oduduwa, the ancestor of mankind. The ancestor of the people is said to have landed on earth with a rooster and a palm kernel.
The Newark Museum’s collection of Yoruba art was expanded over the decades, and today includes textiles, beadwork, and wood and clay sculpture. The Yoruba art collection was one of the first to be devoted to the history of the African people in New Jersey. The Newark Museum is also a home to contemporary traditions and practices. One example of a contemporary practice is the altar of Yemeya, which is a deity known as Chango. The Yoruba also refer to it as Yemoja.
Art of the Renaissance
The art of the Renaissance began with the early artists of the period. Italian art of the early Renaissance was marked by collaboration and special commissions. Pope Sixtus IV, who wanted to recreate the Papal Chapel and name it the Sistine Chapel, commissioned a group of artists to decorate the chapel. Among these artists were Sandro Botticelli, Pietro Perugino, Domenico Ghirlandaio, and Cosimo Rosselli. The painters painted fresco cycles of the life of Christ.
The Renaissance artists were open to radically different ideas and new perceptions. Some painters began to study the human anatomy and light in order to produce realism in their works. These changes in artistic methods reflected a newfound interest in nature and a desire to unravel aesthetic axioms. Artists such as Raphael, Leonardo, and Michelangelo copied the techniques used by these masters. Other notable artists included Sandro Botticelli and Donatello in Florence.
Italian Renaissance artists were inspired by Giotto’s sculptural work and were soon following in his footsteps. In 1401, in Florence, the first Renaissance artists began emerging. Brunelleschi, an architect of the dome of the Florence Cathedral, attracted seven young sculptors with his bronze doors. Both of these artists studied perspective and were influential in influencing Masaccio’s paintings. The Renaissance was also marked by the development of modern science and technology.
While the art of the Renaissance in Italy had a limited effect on northern European art, it had a great impact on Drer’s development and the history of north European art. His first trip to Italy may have been considered the beginning of the Northern Renaissance, as Drer wanted to engage German artists in Italian arts. This reflected his interest in the study of the self, which he emphasized in his work. In addition to promoting the development of north European art, the Renaissance also brought a greater appreciation for Italian culture.
Art of the modern era
The art of the twentieth century has many aspects in common with the previous era. Still life has often been considered a less refined form of painting. Yet its subject matter has been revolutionary. Historically, the subject matter of still life was viewed as unimportant and commonplace, and this has led to radical works of art being created. Several of the most famous examples of twentieth-century art have their origins in this genre.
Abstract painting is another major genre of art that developed during this era. Some of the most famous abstract artists of the period include Kasimir Malevich and Piet Mondrian. However, this style is more decorative than conceptual art. While the Russian abstract movement has been associated with the Soviet Union, the American movement is more decorative. The Surrealists were a major fine art movement during the late 1920s and early 1930s. They included Salvador Dali and Joan Miro.
The Industrial Revolution led to rapid change. People were increasingly moving from the countryside to the cities and factories, where they were employed as workers. This industry-inspired change brought greater prosperity, but also cramped conditions for the workers. Modern artists sought to make art that was more abstract and edgy, as well as to transcend traditional forms of art. The following styles of art are related to the post-war era:
Abstract expressionism began after World War II, and was spearheaded by American artists. This style mainly consisted of two types of painting: Jackson Pollock’s highly animated gestural style, and Mark Rothko’s more passive, mood-oriented style called Colour Field painting. Those two movements brought about a revolution in art history. However, the post-Impressionists have become the most influential styles.
Art of the 20th century
The fin de siecle, which spanned the first half of the century, had many influences on European art. The cubist movement sparked parallel tendencies in France, Italy, and Russia. In the Netherlands, a young painter named Piet Mondrian developed a simple symbolic style that is analogous to the Dutch landscape. In 1910, he first saw a Cubist painting. Later, he moved to Paris, where he adapted the movement’s style. This movement had long-lasting consequences for architecture, typography, and design.
The neo-expressionists emphasized an idiosyncratic approach to art, rejecting traditional styles and incorporating new media. The emergence of geometric abstraction was seen as a natural basis for communal and public art. The Postimpressionist trends were gradually discarded, and the artistic styles of Victor Pasmore and Andy Warhol began to return to a personal style and use graphic symbols from Mondrian and Klee.
The abstract movement inspired by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh was another significant influence on modern art. It sought to highlight the artist’s inner vision, rather than the representation of nature. In the process, it became a precursor to many trends of the 20th century. In addition, art from this period continued to influence the development of art production in the following centuries. The 20th century brought an unprecedented explosion in artistic expression and creativity, and art historians are sure to find a new favourite in this volume.
Expressionism has influenced much of the twentieth century. In Russia, the avant-garde was beginning to emerge. In 1911, Kazimir Malevich formalized peasant scenes, anticipating the style of Leger. Then, in 1912, Mikhail Larionov and Natalya Gontcharova developed the geometric form of Rayonism, which became a popular style. A semi-abstract movement, Cubism emphasized the collapse of naturalistic concepts of perspective.
Art of the 21st century
The globalization of society and economy has profoundly affected many sectors of the 21st century, including art and artists. In addition to facilitating greater awareness of contemporary art throughout the world, mass media and the Internet have also facilitated artists’ movement and intermixing of artistic vocabularies. Consequently, 21st century art has undergone many transformations. Listed below are some of the key features of 21st century art.
A Subtlety, by artist Kara Walker, is monumental in scale but critical in necessity. Designed for an installation at a former Domino Sugar plant in Brooklyn, A Subtlety is a forceful presence that empowers the subaltern voices of the region. Whether it’s the sculptural work or the artwork itself, this work stands as the clearest message against racism and slavery. Hence, its global reach is unprecedented.
The neo-dadaist trend has resurfaced after a century. Neo-dadaism, a form of absurdist art, is now more popular than ever before. Its millennial followers are driving this movement in a new direction. Unlike its traditional followers, millennials are keen on the idea of bringing absurdism back into the mainstream. These artists are presenting a radically new form of art, and we should embrace it.
The history of modern art starts with the Impressionist movement, which began in Paris. It grew out of a reaction to the traditional, formal style of painting. The Academy des Beaux-Arts aimed to encourage artists to express differences in their works. Artists of the 21st century are also using new media to express new ideas and concepts. In addition to using new media, artists are experimenting with different mediums and choosing new forms.